The Seychelles are part of the British Commonwealth, having become independent in 1976.
They have a population of c70,000, most of whom live in the capital city, Victoria, on the main island, Mahé.
The first settlements was recorded 200 years earlier: French colonies with African slaves. The ancestors of most Seychellois citizens were slaves from Africa or Madagascar.
Most Seychellois speak Creole, French and English.
The unique granitic islands formed about 250 million years ago. There are, therefore, no natural land mammals on the islands. However, there are three endemic bat species, and one subspecies as well as several whales and dolphins.